Individuals infected by HIV might develop several types of cancer more frequently than uninfected people. Lymphomas represent the most frequent malignancy among patients with HIV/AIDS (PWHA). Other cancer types that have increased in PWHA include Kaposi sarcoma (KS), cancer of the cervix, anus, lung and liver. Multicentric Castleman Disease (MCD), a lymphoproliferative disorder presenting with heterogeneous pathological and clinical features, comprises disease entities with a complex aetiology and overlapping pathogenesis. MCD can be found in association with HIV infection, KS, primary effusion lymphoma and its solid variant, and Hodgkin lymphoma.
This paper focuses on the different type of lymphomas that are generally occurring in PWHA. A comprehensive understanding of the intricacies of viral coinfection will probably lead to additional advances in managements for these disorders.
To cite this article
Lymphomas and other cancers in HIV-infected patients
WCRJ 2014; 1 (3): e291
Published online: 01 Oct 2014