Objective: The prognosis of patients with advanced gastric cancer (GC) with multiple lymph-node metastasis is poor. The present study evaluated a neoadjuvant S-1 and oxaliplatin regimen (SOX) followed by D2 gastrectomy for advanced GC with lymph-node metastasis.
Patients and Methods: Ten patients with resectable clinical advanced gastric cancer with multiple lymph-node metastasis who received preoperative SOX therapy were included in this study from 2015 to 2021.
Results: A clinical evaluation by RECIST version 1.1 criteria after SOX therapy showed 8 cases of partial response (PR), 2 cases of stable disease (SD), and no progress disease (PD). The histopathological stages were IB in 3 patients, IIA in 2, IIB in 2, IIIA in 2, and IIIB in 1, and downstaging was observed in 8 of 10 patients (80%). Histopathological effects were Grade 1a in 4 patients, Grade 1b in 3 patients, Grade 2a in 2 patients, and Grade 2b in 1 patient; there were no Grade 3 patients. Adverse events of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) according to the CTCAE criteria were Grade 1 anemia, nausea, dysgeusia, and peripheral neuropathy in one patient each; Grade 2 anemia in two patients; and diarrhea in one patient. No grade ≧3 adverse events were observed. The surgical techniques were distal gastrectomy in four cases, total gastrectomy in five cases, and total gastrectomy and caudal pancreatectomy in one case; all patients underwent D2 dissection, and all received R0 surgery. One patient had local recurrence, and one patient had peritoneal recurrence and is on chemotherapy. The remaining eight patients are alive without recurrence.
Conclusions: In the future, neoadjuvant chemotherapy with SOX therapy may become a treatment option for advanced resectable GC with multiple lymph-node metastasis.
To cite this article
S-1 and oxaliplatin regimen neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery for resectable advanced gastric cancer with multiple lymph-node metastasis
Submission date: 01 Apr 2022
Revised on: 28 Apr 2022
Accepted on: 19 May 2022
Published online: 30 May 2022
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