Prostate cancer in Iran: an epidemiological review

WCRJ 2019; 6: e1268
DOI: 10.32113/wcrj_20194_1268

  Topic: Genitourinary cancer     Category:

Abstract

Objective: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men. The various epidemiological aspects of this cancer in Iran are not obviously detected. Therefore, the aim of this review is to evaluate the epidemiological aspects of prostate cancer in Iran.
Patients and Methods: The information of study was gathered by searching Database of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, SID and IranMedex with the key words of prostate cancer, neoplasm of prostate and Iran. The title and abstract of the papers were reviewed, and a total of 23 full papers were selected.
Results: According to previous studies, the incidence of prostate cancer in Iran is rising with the age increase. However, in comparison with Western countries, this incidence is lower in Iran. One of the most risk factors for prostate cancer is age and positive family history. The most common type of this cancer in Iran is adenocarcinoma. It is reported that the pathological grade has a negative effect on the survival of prostate cancer in Iran.
Conclusions: The trend of the incidence of prostate cancer in Iran has risen and the death rate of this malignancy is high among Iranian males with increasing age. According to the findings of this study, the pattern of food in Iranian men is associated with prostate cancer.

To cite this article

Prostate cancer in Iran: an epidemiological review

WCRJ 2019; 6: e1268
DOI: 10.32113/wcrj_20194_1268

Publication History

Submission date: 02 Oct 2018

Revised on: 22 Nov 2018

Accepted on: 21 Jan 2019

Published online: 17 Apr 2019